Brush Conditioning refers to a process that should be done with natural hair brushes every time an artist is done painting. After completing a project, make it a good habit to recondition the brushes. It insures they are always ready to use.
To preserve natural hair brushes from permanent damage, you will need to condition them before painting in the following method:
This term relates to any product which uses water as the primary "solvent". Remember never to leave your brushes immersed in water, or allow paint to dry on them. After your project is completed, wash your brushes with mild soap and rinse using clean water. Let the brush dry and repeat the conditioning process. Reshape your brushes and hang to dry.
The point where the bristles and the handle meet is called the ferrule. Most brushes have the ferrule encased in a metal band. Be sure to rinse your brush thoroughly as the acrylic will accumulate in the ferrule over time and may limit the lifetime of the brush. Hang brushes on hooks or use velcro to attach them to a strip so that they hang upside down. This prevents any residual paint from drying in the ferrule.
Wastewater refers to the water that is used to clean tools. For general, non-commercial household use, you may pour the wastewater down the drain. However, if you wish to be more environmentally conscious, allow the wastewater to evaporate. This will leave a small amount of residue, which can be peeled from the container and thrown in the trash, and will eventually end up in a landfill. For large amounts of wastewater, consider using the treatment method outlined in JUST PAINT ISSUE #3, from March 1996. Reprints are available upon request to Golden Artist Colors.
We recommend a mild detergent, such as a dishwashing liquid, for general cleaning and maintenance of a decorative finish without a protective topcoat. Please, avoid harsh detergents or ammonia-based cleaners.
A topcoat can be useful in a number of ways. It can add durability and change the surface to a flat, satin or gloss finish. However, if you are trying to achieve many levels of satin and gloss effects, such as sponging a highly reflective Iridescent Pearl Glaze over a satin Titan Buff Glaze, the addition of a topcoat will cancel the intended effect.
Old World waterborne polyurethane topcoats are now available at lumber yards, hardware or paint stores. They are readily available in various finishes and do not yellow like standard polyurethanes.
Before priming or painting, a surface should be free of dust and grease. If you are painting over old paint, and do not know if it is a water-based paint or oil paint, use an alkyd primer.
There are several types of paint strippers on the market. The type of job to be done will determine the right stripper. Apply stripper and wait; let the solvents do the work for you. Then wipe with a cloth.
When scraping, be careful to scrape gently and to try to remove only loose, dried paint which is already peeling. Leave the rest to the paint stripper. This method will not damage the surface being scraped.
Peel wallpaper by using wallpaper stripper and water solution. Apply with a sponge mop or sponge and remove a section at a time.
Sanding after a surface has been stripped is the best way to achieve a smooth surface. The weight of the sandpaper to be used is determined by the job.
Latex and Alkyd primers are good primers for GOLDEN Decorative Finishes. They can be sprayed, brushed, or rolled.
When using caulk, be sure to use sandable and paintable caulk.
Base coats are colors which are applied over primer coats in order to prepare for glazing techniques. Satin finishes work best because they are less absorbent, allowing the glazes to remain workable for longer periods of time.
A general description of all water-based house paints. Latex house paint can be formulated with a wide variety of synthetic polymers (binders), with more inexpensive products using vinyl polymers and more expensive products using acrylic polymers. Along with the polymer, latex paints contain pigment, fillers and extenders to purposely yield opaque, pastel color. Typically, latex paints are compatible with artist acrylic paints.
Most artist acrylic paints are formulated with 100% acrylic polymers, which have been proven to be the most durable and permanent of the water-based polymers. Unlike standard latex house paints, GOLDEN Acrylics are formulated with only pigment and binder, containing no fillers or extenders, as the goal is to achieve rich intense color instead of opacity.
A glaze is a coat of transparent or translucent color thinly applied to a painted surface for various effects. Several glaze coats can be built up or blended to achieve colors of brilliance and depth.
These techniques manipulate glazes with brushes and tools to accomplish decorative effects. There are two basic types: additive or positive techniques and subtractive or negative techniques. For additive techniques, you add a wet glaze to a dry surface. For subtractive techniques, you apply the glaze and then remove it, or manipulate it, with a tool such as a brush, sponge or rag.
When a glaze is applied with a brush or roller, it is the area left alone during subtractive glazing techniques such as stippling and ragging-off. When working on larger areas, leaving a "wet edge" will allow the painter to continue applying the wet glaze to avoid drying and overlapping.
The process of mixing glaze colors together during a glazing technique while the colors are still wet. For example, working with white and blue together while sponging to develop a range of lighter blues.
The above information is based on research and testing done by Golden Artist Colors, Inc., and is provided as a basis for understanding the potential uses of the products mentioned. Due to the numerous variables in methods, materials and conditions of producing art, Golden Artist Colors, Inc. cannot be sure the product will be right for you. Therefore, we urge product users to test each application to ensure all individual project requirements are met. While we believe the above information is accurate, WE MAKE NO EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, and we shall in no event be liable for any damages (indirect, consequential, or otherwise) that may occur as a result of a product application.