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string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[HY000] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[HY000] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[HY000] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[HY000] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[HY000] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[HY000] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[HY000] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[HY000] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[HY000] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[HY000] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" string(43) "SQLSTATE[08004] [1040] Too many connections" Golden Artist Colors, Inc.
Pigment Identification Charts
Select the charts you want displayed by checking the box next to their titles.
Scroll down the page to view the open charts.
Click on the name of a chart to scroll to that position in the page.
 

 
HEAVY BODY GROUP
FLUID GROUP
OPEN
High Flow

Heavy Body Acrylic Colors  Fluid Acrylic Colors  OPEN Acrylic Colors 
 OPEN Iridescent Colors   High Flow Iridescent Colors   Heavy Body Iridescent Colors   Fluid Iridescent Colors 
 Matte Colors   Iridescent Colors   Interference Colors   High Flow 
 Fluorescent & Phosphorescent Colors   Heavy Body Matte Colors   Fluid Matte Colors   Heavy Body Interference Color 
 Fluid Interference Color 
Heavy Body Acrylic Colors
Swatches GOLDEN Name
Titanate Yellow
C.P. Cadmium Yellow Primrose
Hansa Yellow Light
Bismuth Vanadate Yellow
C.P. Cadmium Yellow Light
Primary Yellow
Hansa Yellow Opaque
C.P. Cadmium Yellow Medium
Cadmium Yellow Medium Hue
Hansa Yellow Medium
Aureolin Hue
Nickel Azo Yellow
Indian Yellow Hue
Quinacridone Burnt Orange
Quinacridone / Nickel Azo Gold
C.P. Cadmium Yellow Dark
Diarylide Yellow
C.P. Cadmium Orange
Vat Orange
Transparent Pyrrole Orange
Pyrrole Orange
C.P. Cadmium Red Light
Pyrrole Red Light
Naphthol Red Light
Pyrrole Red
C.P. Cadmium Red Medium
Cadmium Red Medium Hue
Quinacridone Red Light
C.P. Cadmium Red Dark
Pyrrole Red Dark
Primary Magenta
Light Magenta
Naphthol Red Medium
Quinacridone Red
Alizarin Crimson Hue
Quinacridone Crimson
Permanent Maroon
Quinacridone Magenta
Medium Magenta
Quinacridone Violet
Permanent Violet Dark
Cobalt Violet Hue
Medium Violet
Light Violet
Ultramarine Violet
Dioxazine Purple
Smalt Hue
Ultramarine Blue
Light Ultramarine Blue
Cobalt Blue
Cobalt Blue Hue
Cerulean Blue, Chromium
Anthraquinone Blue
Prussian Blue Hue
Phthalo Blue (Red Shade)
Phthalo Blue (Green Shade)
Primary Cyan
Cerulean Blue Deep
Manganese Blue Hue
Azurite Hue
Turquois (Phthalo)
Cobalt Turquois
Teal
Light Turquois (Phthalo)
Phthalo Green (Blue Shade)
Viridian Green Hue
Phthalo Green (Yellow Shade)
Permanent Green Light
Cobalt Green
Hookers Green Hue
Jenkins Green
Sap Green Hue
Terre Verte Hue
Chromium Oxide Green Dark
Chromium Oxide Green
Light Green (Blue Shade)
Light Green (Yellow Shade)
Green Gold
Yellow Oxide
Yellow Ochre
Transparent Yellow Iron Oxide
Raw Sienna
Mars Yellow
Transparent Red Iron Oxide
Red Oxide
Violet Oxide
Burnt Sienna
Transparent Brown Iron Oxide
Burnt Umber Light
Burnt Umber
Raw Umber
VanDyke Brown Hue
Carbon Black
Mars Black
Bone Black
Graphite Gray
Paynes Gray
Titan Buff
Naples Yellow Hue
Zinc White
Titanium White
N2 Neutral Gray
N3 Neutral Gray
N4 Neutral Gray
N5 Neutral Gray
N6 Neutral Gray
N7 Neutral Gray
N8 Neutral Gray
Lightfastness
 
The Lightfastness Ratings are provided by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) in the standard for "Artists' Acrylic Emulsion Paints". (ASTM D 5098, Annual Book of Standards, Volume 6.02). Colors with a Lightfastness Rating of I are considered Excellent ("Exc.") and those with a Lightfastness Rating of II are Very Good ("V.G."). Where Lightfastness Ratings have not been obtained according to ASTM test protocol, "N/A" is used. In those cases, data from pigment manufacturers and our own test facilities have been used and an appropriate description assigned under Permanency.
 
Lightfastness I: Excellent - Artist colors are let down with white to arrive at a pastel shade. These samples are exposed to an accelerated dose of of light energy equivalent to that which would be expected to occur during approximately 100 years of museum-lit conditions. This exposure is condensed into approximately 15 weeks of testing time, or less, depending upon the accelerated test methods used. For the purposes of the official test, before and after color difference is determined using a spectrophotometer, and difference units are mathematically calculated. Less than 4 units color change earns a color the designation of Lightfastness I. In practicality, this means that a visual comparison of the unexposed and exposed samples, when held adjacent, would reveal, at worse, a barely perceptible color change.
 
Lightfastness II: Very Good - Under the same test conditions, a visual comparison of adjacent unexposed and exposed samples will reveal a perceptible color change. This change will quickly become imperceptible to most observers as the sample pieces are moved apart from one another. When expressed mathematically, change falling within the range of 4-8 units is covered by this category.

 
Perm: Lightfastness and durability based on our testing and manufacturer's data.
** The identified colors are sensitive to a combination of moisture and UV radiation and are not recommended for outdoor use.
 
Opacity/Transparency
We have determined that an eight-point scale is most appropriate for describing the properties of our colors. We have assigned each color in the chart a number from 1 (most opaque) to 8 (most transparent) to indicate the opacity/transparency of that color.
 
C.I. Name / C.I. Number
The Colour Index Name and Number are internationally recognized codes assigned to a particular "colorant" by both the Society of Dyers and Colourists and the American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists. The C.I. Name consists of the category (type of dye or pigment), general hue and serial number, based on its chemical constitution. For example, PB 60, Anthraquinone Blue, indicates a specific Pigment Blue. The C.I. Number is a five-digit reference number assigned in the Colour Index based on the chemical structure of a colorant, regardless of usage class. For more information on these please see the following:
 
The Nomenclature of Color
http://www.justpaint.org/the-nomenclature-of-color/

 
Type: Designates whether the pigments used in a color are based on Organic or Inorganic chemistry. When containing both types, the term Mixed is used.
 
Permanency
Exc. - Excellent
V.G. - Very Good
Poor

 
Abbreviations
C.P. - indicates concentrated cadmium pigments (CC).
G.S. - Green Shade
B.S. - Blue Shade
R.S. - Red Shade
Y.S. - Yellow Shade
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