Pigment Identification Charts
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HEAVY BODY GROUP
FLUID GROUP
OPEN

Heavy Body Acrylic Colors  Heavy Body Acrylic Neutral Grays  Historical Heavy Body Acrylics  Heavy Body Matte Colors 
Iridescent Colors  Interference Colors  Phosphorescent Green & Fluorescent Colors  Fluid Acrylic Colors 
Historical Fluid Acrylic Hues  Fluid Matte Colors  Fluid Iridescent Colors  Fluid Interference Colors 
OPEN Acrylic Colors  High Flow Acrylic Colors 
Heavy Body Acrylic Colors
Swatches GOLDEN Name Pigment Classification Chemical Description Opacity/Transparency Lightfastness Rating Permanency Color Index Name Color Index Number Munsell Notation Listing Viscosity Range Gloss Average CIE L*a*b* Values Tint Strength
Titanate Yellow Synthetic Inorganic Oxides of Nickel, Antimony and Titanium 3 I Excellent PY 53 77788 Hue 10.0 Y Value 8.5 Chroma 8.6 23000-27000 CPS 54.79 L*88.93 a*-6.36 b*56.29 96.83
C.P. Cadmium Yellow Primrose Synthetic Inorganic --- 4 I Not for exterior use PY 35 77205 Hue 10.0 Y Value 9 Chroma 16 23000-27000 CPS 60.92 L*91.06 a*-8.78 b*85.05 96.38
Hansa Yellow Light Synthetic Organic Arylide Yellow 6 II Very Good PY 3 11710 Hue 10 Y Value 8.25 Chroma 13.8 23000-27000 CPS 62.68 L*86.94 a*-3.48 b*87.5 96.31
Bismuth Vanadate Yellow Inorganic Bismuth Vanadate 3 I Excellent PY 184 Hue 7.7 Y Value 9.1 Chroma 12.4 23000- 27000 CPS 76.3 L*90.21 a*-3.92 b*91.23 95.93
C.P. Cadmium Yellow Light Synthetic Inorganic Cadmium Zinc Sulfide (CC) 4 I Not for exterior use PY 35 77205 Hue 8.5 Y Value 8.75 Chroma 16 23000-27000 CPS 57.35 L*88.89 a*-1.72 b*94.38 95.19
Primary Yellow Synthetic Organic Arylide Yellow 10G Arylide Yellow Titanium Dioxide Rutile 6 II Very Good PY 3 / PY 73 / PW 6 11710 / 11738 / 77891 Hue 4.6 Y Value 8.6 Chroma 13 20000-24000 CPS 44.27 L*84.6 a*7.27 b*90.03 95.17
Hansa Yellow Opaque Synthetic Organic Arylide Yellow 5GX 5 I Excellent PY 74 11741 Hue 5.0 Y Value 8 Chroma 16 23000-27000 CPS 78.28 L*85.41 a*11.09 b*93.99 92.91
C.P. Cadmium Yellow Medium Synthetic Inorganic Cadmium Zinc Sulfide (CC) 3 I Not for exterior use PY 35 77205 Hue 3.0 Y Value 8 Chroma 16.1 23000-27000 CPS 66.74 L*83.91 a*15.55 b*94.46 92.35
Cadmium Yellow Medium Hue Synthetic Organic (Mixture) Diarylide Yellow HR-70 Oxides of Nickel, Antimony and Titanium Arylide Yellow 3 II Very Good PY 83 / PY 53 / PY 3` 21108 / 77788 / 11710 Hue 1.5 Y Value 8 Chroma 13.7 23000-27000 73.8 L*81.47 a*16.5 b*78.94 93.75
Hansa Yellow Medium Synthetic Organic Arylide Yellow 7 I Excellent PY 73 11738 Hue 2.0 Y Value 7.75 Chroma 16.8 23000-27000 CPS 82.51 L*78.51 a*18.46 b*89.29 94
Aureolin Hue Mixture Arylide Yellow Arylide Yellow Calcined Natural Iron Oxide containing Manganese Synthetic Hydrated Iron Oxide 4 I Very Good PY3 / PY73 / PBr7 / PY42 11710 / 11738 / 77492 / 77492 Hue 1.0 Y Value 6.5 Chroma 10 19000-24000 CPS 40.2 L*67.37 a*33.38 b*66.16 92.27
Nickel Azo Yellow Synthetic Organic --- 7 I Excellent PO 20 77202 Hue 2.0 YR Value 6.25 Chroma 17.5 14000-17000 CPS 94.21 L*63.85 a*53.5 b*63.6 90.7
Indian Yellow Hue Synthetic Organic (Mixture) Arylide Yellow Nickel Complex Azo Quinacridone 7 I Excellent PY73 / PY150 / PR206 11738 / 12764 / N/A Hue 5.0 Y Value 5.35 Chroma 9.5 16000-20000 CPS 86.88 L*55.2 a*28.9 b*48.11 90.36
Quinacridone Burnt Orange Synthetic Organic Quinacridone 5 I Excellent PR 206 73903 Hue 10.0 R Value 2 Chroma 6 14000-17000 CPS 98.74 L*29.15 a*10.72 b*4.99 76.32
Quinacridone / Nickel Azo Gold Synthetic Organic (Mixture) Quinacridone Nickel Complex Azo 6 I Excellent PO 48 / PY150 73900/73920 / 12764 Hue 2.2YR Value 3.4 Chroma 4 14000-17000 CPS 83 L*34.34 a*18.65 b*14.23 84.1
C.P. Cadmium Yellow Dark Synthetic Inorganic Cadmium Zinc Sulfide (CC) 3 I Not for exterior use PY 35 77205 Hue 9.0 YR Value 7.75 Chroma 16.5 23000-27000 CPS 68.02 L*78.08 a*26.94 b*85.98 91.01
Diarylide Yellow Synthetic Organic Diarylide Yellow HR-70 5 I Excellent PY 83 21108 Hue 8.0 YR Value 7 Chroma 15.8 23000-27000 CPS 85.52 L*75.48 a*33.38 b*80.36 88.16
C.P. Cadmium Orange Synthetic Inorganic Cadmium (Sulfo-Selenide) (CC) 3 I Not for exterior use PO 20 77202 Hue 2.0 YR Value 6.25 Chroma 17.5 23000-27000 CPS 84.35 L*63.85 a*53.5 b*63.6 83.3
Vat Orange Synthetic Organic Perinone Orange 5 I Excellent PO 43 71105 Hue 10.0 R Value 5.25 Chroma 15.3 16000-18000 CPS 88.03 L*54.19 a*53.46 b*48.12 79.62
Transparent Pyrrole Orange Synthetic Organic Diketopyrrole-pyrrole 8 N/A Excellent PO 71 561200 Hue 7.4R Value 4.6 Chroma 13.1 14000-17000 CPS 92.63 L*45.57 a*50.85 b*36.21 84.51
Pyrrole Orange Synthetic Organic Diketopyrrole-pyrrole 5 N/A Excellent PO 73 561170 Hue 9.0 R Value 5 Chroma 18 23000-27000 CPS 70.05 L*55.97 a*59.52 b*53.43 81.55
C.P. Cadmium Red Light Synthetic Inorganic Cadmium (Sulfo-Selenide) (CC) 2 I Not for exterior use PR 108 77202 Hue 9.0 R Value 5.25 Chroma 15.9 23000-27000 CPS 80.36 L*51.78 a*57.62 b*42.74 76.6
Pyrrole Red Light Synthetic Organic Diketopyrrole-pyrrole 3 I Excellent PR 255 561050 Hue 8.0 R Value 4.25 Chroma 17 23000- 27000 CPS 88.92 L*47.7 a*56.46 b*37.62 75.61
Naphthol Red Light Synthetic Organic Naphthol AS-D 4 II Very Good PR 112 12370 Hue 7.0 R Value 4.25 Chroma 17 18000- 22000 CPS 49.2 L*44.02 a*50.85 b*32.4 72.21
Pyrrole Red Synthetic Organic Diketopyrrole-pyrrole 3 I Excellent PR 254 56110 Hue 6.5 R Value 4.25 Chroma 17 23000- 27000 CPS 88.11 L*42.26 a*54.6 b*31.25 73.37
C.P. Cadmium Red Medium Synthetic Inorganic Cadmium (Sulfo-Selenide) (CC) 2 I Not for exterior use PR 108 77202 Hue 7.0 R Value 4.25 Chroma 16 23000- 27000 CPS 78.88 L*42.85 a*50.1 b*27.7 73.92
Cadmium Red Medium Hue Synthetic Organic (Mixture) Naphthol AS-D Napthol ITR 3 II Very Good PR 112 / PR 5 73915 / 12490 Hue 9.0 R Value 3.7 Chroma 13.4 20000- 25000 74.7 L*42.05 a*48.29 b*29.06 73.39
Quinacridone Red Light Synthetic Organic Quinacridone 7 I Excellent PR 207 73900 Hue 6.0 R Value 4 Chroma 10.9 19000- 22000 CPS 68.18 L*41.83 a*45.16 b*21.57 79.47
C.P. Cadmium Red Dark Synthetic Inorganic Cadmium (Sulfo-Selenide) (CC) 2 I Not for exterior use PR 108 77202 Hue 4.7R Value 3.8 Chroma 10.5 23000- 27000 CPS 50.6 L*38.2 a*42.27 b*19.41 71.14
Pyrrole Red Dark Organic Diketopyrrole-pyrrole 2 N/A Excellent PR 264 Hue 5.0 R Value 3.7 Chroma 11 23000- 27000 CPS 79.1 L*37.35 a*44.50 b*21.51 68.89
Primary Magenta Synthetic Organic Quinacridone 4 I Excellent PV 19 73900 Hue 4.6 R Value 4.1 Chroma 11.4 23000- 27000 CPS 21.7 L*40.82 a*46.03 b*21.21 76.55
Light Magenta Mixture --- 2 II Very Good PR 112 / PW 6 / PR 207 12370 / 77891 / 73900 Hue 10.0 RP Value 7 Chroma 8 20000- 27000 CPS 87.58 L*70.96 a*37.15 b*2.27 87.58
Naphthol Red Medium Synthetic Organic Naphthol ITR 5 II Very Good PR 5 12490 Hue 6.0 R Value 3.5 Chroma 10.6 23000- 27000 CPS 80.08 L*36.83 a*38.81 b*20.83 71.47
Quinacridone Red Synthetic Organic Quinacridone 6 I Excellent PV 19 73900 Hue 2.5 R Value 3.25 Chroma 12 23000- 27000 CPS 82.26 L*37.74 a*40.88 b*15.2 76.49
Alizarin Crimson Hue Synthetic Organic (Mixture) Quinacridone Quinacridone Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine 4 I Excellent PR122 / PR206 / PG7 73915 / N/A / 74260 Hue 10 RP Value 2.8 Chroma 1.2 16000-20000 CPS 100.92 L*27.94 a*9.37 b*2.19 73.1
Quinacridone Crimson Synthetic Organic (Mixture) --- 5 I Excellent PR 206 / PR 202 73903 / 73907 Hue 2.5 R Value 2 Chroma 6 14000- 17000 CPS 79.78 L*29.15 a*10.72 b*4.99 72.39
Permanent Maroon Mixture Quinacridone Quinacridone Quinacridone Synthetic Iron Oxide Brominated & Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine 3 I Excellent PR 206 / PR 202 / PR 122 / PR 101 / PG 36 73903 / 73907 / 73915 / 77491 / 74265 Hue 8.8 RP Value 2.6 Chroma 1 23000- 27000 CPS 70.8 L*26.79 a*5.22 b*0.03 72.59
Quinacridone Magenta Synthetic Organic Quinacridone 7 I Excellent PR 122 73915 Hue 10.0 RP Value 2.5 Chroma 10 14000- 17000 CPS 97.99 L*31.41 a*27.69 b*2.75 73.51
Medium Magenta Mixture Quinacridone Titnaium Dioxide Rutile 2 I Excellent PR 122 / PW 6 73915 / 77891 Hue 3.0 RP Value 4.8 Chroma 11.6 18000- 22000 78.66 L*51.76 a*47.31 b*-17.15 78.66
Quinacridone Violet Synthetic Organic Quinacridone 4 I Excellent PV 19 73900 Hue 10.0 RP Value 2.5 Chroma 8 23000- 27000 CPS 80.25 L*29.4 a*22.71 b*6.07 70.65
Permanent Violet Dark Mixture Indanthrone Blue Quinacridone 3 I Excellent PB 60 / PR 122 69800 / 73915 Hue 3.0 RP Value 1.5 Chroma 3 14000- 17000 CPS 97.79 L*26.64 a*7.65 b*-5.02 73
Cobalt Violet Hue Mixture Quinacridone Quinacridone Zinc Oxide Carbazole Dioxazine 3 II Very Good PV19 / PR122 / PW4 / PV23 73900 / 73915 / 77947 / 51319 Hue 3.5 RP Value 2.95 Chroma 3.2 20000-27000 CPS 29.12 L*28.98 a*19.04 b*-7.49 77.59
Medium Violet Mixture Quinacridone Titanium Dioxide Rutile Carbazole Dioxazine Calcined Natural Iron Oxide containing Manganese 2 II Very Good PR 122 / PW 6 / PV 23 / PBr 7 73915 / 77891 / 51319 / 77491 Hue 3.2 P Value 3.45 Chroma 7.5 18000- 25000 72.29 L*34.95 a*19.71 b*-24.45 72.29
Light Violet Mixture Titanium Dioxide Rutile Carbazole Dioxazine 2 II Very Good PW 6 / PV 23 77891 / 51319 Hue 9.0 PB Value 4.9 Chroma 7.7 20000- 25000 77.95 L*52.21 a*18.39 b*-35.67 77.95
Ultramarine Violet Synthetic Inorganic Polysulfide of Sodium-Alumino-Silicate 5 I Not for exterior use PV 15 77007 Hue 2.5 P Value 2.5 Chroma 2 23000- 27000 CPS 15.93 L*25.37 a*8.43 b*-15.84 88.18
Dioxazine Purple Synthetic Organic Carbazole Dioxazine 3 II Very Good PV 23 51319 Hue 2.5 P Value 1 Chroma 0.5 16000- 21000 CPS 90.47 L*24.76 a*2.81 b*-0.17 67.34
Smalt Hue Mixture Polysulfide of Sodium-Alumino-Silicate Carbazole Dioxazine Nearly Pure Amorphous Carbon 6 II Very Good PB29 / PV23 / Pbk7 77007 / 51319 / 77266 Hue 5.0 PB Value 2.6 Chroma 2 20000-27000 CPS 21.39 L*25.69 a*3.69 b*-14.17 88.69
Ultramarine Blue Synthetic Inorganic Polysulfide of Sodium-Alumino-Silicate 6 I Not for exterior use PB 29 77007 Hue 8.0 PB Value 2 Chroma 4.5 23000- 27000 CPS 23.89 L*24.36 a*12.28 b*-25.74 79.94
Light Ultramarine Blue Mixture Polysulfide of Sodium-Alumino-Silicate Titnaium Dioxide Rutile 2 I Excellent ** PB 29 / PW 6 77007 / 77891 Hue 3.0 PB Value 6.3 Chroma 7.9 23000- 27000 CPS 85.4 L*65.38 a*0.5 b*40.37 85.4
Cobalt Blue Synthetic Inorganic Oxides of Cobalt and Aluminum 3 I Excellent PB 28 77346 Hue 6 PB Value 3 Chroma 11 23000- 27000 CPS 69.45 L*36.63 a*9.51 b*-46.66 83.7
Cobalt Blue Hue Mixture Polysulfide of Sodium Alumino-Silicate Copper Phthalocyanine Titanium Dioxide Rutile 2 I Excellent PB 29 / PB15:4 / PW 6 77007 / 74160 / 77891 Hue 4.0 PB Value 3.2 Chroma 8.3 20000- 23000 41.2 L*36.91 a*5.77 b*-42.41 76.96
Cerulean Blue, Chromium Synthetic Inorganic Oxides of Cobalt and Chromium 3 I Excellent PB 36:1 --- Hue 1.0 PB Value 4 Chroma 7.9 23000- 27000 CPS 21.44 L*42.76 a*-12.04 b*-32.29 87.78
Anthraquinone Blue Synthetic Organic Indanthrone 2 I Excellent PB 60 69800 Hue 7.5 PB Value 1.25 Chroma 3.3 14000- 17000 CPS 94.74 L*24.44 a*5.02 b*-6 67.09
Prussian Blue Hue Mixture Copper Phthalocyanine Carbazole Dioxazine Carbonized Bones (amorphous carbon) 2 II Very Good PB15:1 / PV23 / Pbk9 74160 / 51319 / 77266 Hue 8.0 B Value 2.45 Chroma 1.5 16000-20000 CPS 73.78 L*24.61 a*2.16 b*-3.37 70.3
Phthalo Blue (Red Shade) Organometallic Copper Phthalocyanine 3 I Excellent PB 15:1 74160 Hue 7.5 PB Value 1.25 Chroma 6 16000- 20000 CPS 95.07 L*24.42 a*5.29 b*-9.99 70.77
Phthalo Blue (Green Shade) Organometallic Copper Phthalocyanine 3 I Excellent PB 15:4 74160 Hue 7.0 PB Value 1.25 Chroma 6.5 16000-20000 CPS 94.21 L*24.95 a*8.48 b*-18.01 71.17
Primary Cyan Mixture Copper Phthalocyanine Titanium Dioxide Rutile 3 I Excellent PB 15:4 / PW 6 74160 / 77891 Hue 5.4 PB Value 3.2 Chroma 8.4 20000- 25000 CPS 19.25 L*34.97 a*-3.22 b*-32.28 78.98
Cerulean Blue Deep Synthetic Inorganic Oxides of Cobalt and Chromium 2 I Excellent PB 36 77343 Hue 1.2 PB Value 3 Chroma 7.9 23000- 27000 CPS 53.2 L*38.25 a*-16.56 b*-23.26 83.1
Manganese Blue Hue Mixture Copper Phthalocyanine Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine Zinc Oxide 4 I Excellent PB15:4 / PG7 / PW4 74160 / 74260 / 77947 Hue 6.0 B Value 3.95 Chroma 7.3 18000-21000 CPS 91.61 L*41.18 a*-14.38 b*-31.78 87.92
Azurite Hue Mixture Zinc Oxide Copper Phthalocyanine Natural Iron Oxide containing Manganese 5 I Excellent PW4 / PB15:1 / Pbr7 77947 / 74160 / 77492 Hue 7.0 PB Value 3.1 Chroma 3.1 20000-27000 CPS 21.2 L*31.92 a*-5.25 b*-16.01 85.69
Turquois (Phthalo) Mixture Copper Phthalocyanine Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine 3 I Excellent PB 15:4 / PG 7 74160 / 74260 Hue 5.0 BG Value 1.25 Chroma 2.6 16000- 20000 CPS 93.44 L*25.76 a*-1.64 b*-8.12 74.57
Cobalt Turquois Synthetic Inorganic Oxides of Cobalt and Chromium 2 I Excellent PB 36 77343 Hue 10 BG Value 3.75 Chroma 7.8 23000- 27000 CPS 51.82 L*43.88 a*-28.92 b*-9.45 86.04
Teal Mixture Titanium Dioxide Rutile Copper Phthalocyanine Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine 2 I Excellent PW6 / PB 15:4 / PG 7 77891 / 74160 / 74260 Hue 9.3BG Value 5.9 Chroma 9.4 20000-24000 CPS 83.7 L*62.40 a*-45.25 b*-13.35 86.24
Light Turquois (Phthalo) Mixture Copper Phthalocyanine Titnaium Dioxide Rutile Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine 2 I Excellent PB 15:4 / PW 6 / PG 7 74160 / 77891 / 74260 Hue 1.0 BG Value 5 Chroma 10.4 18000- 24000 CPS 80.75 L*51.78 a*57.62 b*42.74 80.75
Phthalo Green (Blue Shade) Organometallic Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine 3 I Excellent PG 7 74260 Hue 5.0 BG Value 1.25 Chroma 5 16000- 20000 CPS 94.02 L*27.19 a*-8.89 b*-4.8 78.54
Viridian Green Hue Mixture Zinc Oxide Copper Phthalocyanine Nickel Complex Azo Natural Iron Oxide containing Manganese 3 I Excellent PW4 / PB15:4 / PY150 / PBr7 77947 / 74160 / 12764 / 77492 Hue 8.8 G Value 3.5 Chroma 5 20000-25000 CPS 20.58 L*35.64 a*-24.01 b*0.39 85.29
Phthalo Green (Yellow Shade) Organometallic Brominated & Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine 3 I Excellent PG 36 74265 Hue 5.0 G Value 1.75 Chroma 5.4 16000- 20000 CPS 93.74 L*27.82 a*-11.83 b*-0.17 83.69
Permanent Green Light Mixture Arylide Yellow 10G Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine 3 II Very Good PY 3 / PG 7 11710 / 74260 Hue 4.0 G Value 3.75 Chroma 12 19000- 23000 CPS 80.05 L*43.54 a*-46.94 b*17.96 83.5
Cobalt Green Synthetic Inorganic Cobalt Chromite Green Spinel 2 I Excellent PG 26 77344 Hue 10 G Value 3 Chroma 5.5 23000- 27000 CPS 47.06 L*35.93 a*-19 b*2.64 86.82
Hookers Green Hue Synthetic Organic (Mixture) Quinacridone Nickel Complex Azo Indanthrone 3 I Excellent PR 122 / PY 150 / PB 60 73915 / 12764 / 69800 Hue 4.0 G Value 2.65 Chroma 1 16000-20000 CPS 97.98 L*26.85 a*-2.63 b*-0.14 72.5
Jenkins Green Mixture Amorphous Carbon produced by charring animal bones Nickel Complex Azo Brominated & Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine 2 I Excellent PBk 9 / PY 150 / PG 36 77267 / 12764 / 74265 Hue 8.0 GY Value 1.5 Chroma 2.4 18000- 22000 CPS 53.26 L*26.47 a*-3.3 b*-0.58 77.3
Sap Green Hue Mixture Brominated & Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine Synthetic Red Iron Oxide Nickel Complex Azo Nearly Pure Amorphous Carbon 3 I Excellent PG36 / PR101 / PY150 / Pbk7 74265 / 77491 / 12764 / 77266 Hue .75 G Value 2.75 Chroma 1.2 16000-20000 CPS 96.24 L*27.81 a*-3.43 b*1.3 80.88
Terre Verte Hue Mixture Anhydrous Chromium Sesquioxide Amorphous Carbon produced by charring animal bones Natural Iron Oxide containing Manganese Brominated & Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine Synthetic Hydrated Iron Oxide 5 I Excellent PG17 / PBk9 / PBr7 / PG36 / PY42 77288 / 77267 / 77492 / 74265 / 77492 Hue 7.2 GY Value 3.5 Chroma 2.1 20000-25000 CPS 12.96 L*35.1 a*-7.21 b*8.47 91.29
Chromium Oxide Green Dark Inorganic Anhydrous Chromium Sesquioxide 1 I Excellent PG 17 77288 Hue 9.7 GY Value 3.3 Chroma 2.7 23000- 27000 CPS 26.4 L*33.57 a*-9.37 b*8.61 87.51
Chromium Oxide Green Synthetic Inorganic Anhydrous Chromium Sesquioxide 1 I Excellent PG 17 77288 Hue 9.0 GY Value 4 Chroma 4.6 23000- 27000 CPS 50.6 L*44.19 a*-15.5 b*16.04 81.19
Light Green (Blue Shade) Mixture Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine Titnaium Dioxide Rutile Arylide Yellow 10G 3 II Excellent PG 7 / PW 6 / PY 3 74260 / 77891 / 1170 Hue 10.0 GY Value 6.2 Chroma 12 23000- 27000 69.4 L*66.76 a*-53.77 b*44 89.67
Light Green (Yellow Shade) Mixture Arylide Yellow 10G Titanium Dioxide Rutile Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine 2 II Very Good PY3 / PW 6 / PG 7 1170 / 77891 / 74260 Hue 8.0 GY Value 7.2 Chroma 11.8 20000- 27000 70 L*76.22 a*-43.51 b*54.1 92.61
Green Gold Mixture Nickel Complex Azo Brominated & Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine Arylide Yellow 4 II Very Good PY 150 / PG 36 / PY 3 12764 / 74265 / 11710 Hue 2.0 GY Value 4.25 Chroma 7.3 20000- 24000 CPS 93.13 L*47.2 a*-12.25 b*32.2 89.11
Yellow Oxide Synthetic Inorganic Synthetic Hydrated Iron Oxide 1 I Excellent PY 42 77492 Hue 9.5 YR Value 6 Chroma 8.4 23000- 27000 CPS 79.21 L*61.2 a*15.03 b*43.46 86.07
Yellow Ochre Natural Inorganic Natural Hydrated Iron Oxide 2 I Excellent PY 43 77492 Hue 9,5 YR Value 5 Chroma 8.8 20000- 24000 CPS 62.36 L*57.53 a*16.17 b*37.79 91.1
Transparent Yellow Iron Oxide Synthetic Inorganic Synthetic Iron Oxide 8 I Excellent PY 42 77492 Hue 8.0 YR Value 4.5 Chroma 6 16000-20000 CPS 97.22 L*48.08 a*16.36 b*25.53 91.02
Raw Sienna Natural Inorganic Natural Hydrated Iron Oxide 3 I Excellent PY 43 77492 Hue 19.0 YR Value 4.5 Chroma 6.6 23000- 27000 CPS 27.98 L*88.09 a*4.82 b*12.73 88.08
Mars Yellow Synthetic Inorganic Mixture of Synthetic Iron Oxides 2 I Excellent PBr 6 77491 & 2 Hue 3.5 YR Value 4.5 Chroma 7.7 18000- 22000 CPS 51.92 L*46.65 a*26.79 b*27.6 78.26
Transparent Red Iron Oxide Synthetic Inorganic Synthetic Iron Oxide 8 I Excellent PR 101 77491 / 77266 Hue 5.0 YR Value 2.5 Chroma 6 14000-20000 CPS 43.15 L*32.8 a*16.85 b*8.85 83.51
Red Oxide Synthetic Inorganic Synthetic Red Iron Oxide 1 I Excellent PR 101 77491 Hue 10.0 R Value 3 Chroma 7.8 23000- 27000 CPS 76.82 L*67.39 a*19.45 b*7.31 67.4
Violet Oxide Synthetic Inorganic Synthetic Iron Oxide 1 I Excellent PR 101 77015 Hue 0.5 YR Value 2.75 Chroma 5.5 23000- 27000 CPS 65.9 L*32.13 a*17.48 b*8.24 77.03
Burnt Sienna Natural Inorganic Calcined Natural Iron Oxide 2 I Excellent PBr 7 77491 Hue 3.0 YR Value 3.25 Chroma 4 20000- 23000 CPS 13.63 L*33.67 a*16.86 b*12.58 80.56
Transparent Brown Iron Oxide Inorganic Synthetic Iron Oxide Nearly Pure Amorphous Carbon 4 I Excellent PR 101 / PBk 7 77491 / 77266 Hue 2.9 YR Value 2.8 Chroma 0.8 23000- 27000 CPS 84.4 L*29.07 a*3.72 b*3.12 78.63
Burnt Umber Light Natural Inorganic Calcined Natural Iron Oxide containing Manganese 2 I Excellent PBr 7 77491 Hue 8.0 YR Value 3 Chroma 1.6 23000- 27000 CPS 21.69 L*30.12 a*6.41 b*8.95 80.07
Burnt Umber Natural Inorganic Calcined Natural Iron Oxide containing Manganese 2 I Excellent PBr 7 77491 Hue 9.0 YR Value 2.5 Chroma 1 23000- 27000 CPS 8.05 L*28.57 a*2.86 b*4.06 75.5
Raw Umber Natural Inorganic Natural Iron Oxide containing Manganese 1 I Excellent PBr 7 77492 Hue 3.0 Y Value 2.5 Chroma 1.3 23000- 27000 CPS 16.59 L*29.25 a*1.04 b*2.67 76.39
VanDyke Brown Hue Mixture Synthetic Red Iron Oxide Nearly Pure Amorphous Carbon 3 I Excellent PR101 / Pbk7 77491 / 77266 Hue 5.0 GY Value 2.7 Chroma 0.7 14000-20000 CPS 99.81 L*27.04 a*0.34 b*-0.04 74.68
Carbon Black Natural Inorganic Nearly Pure Amorphous Carbon 1 I Excellent PBk 7 77266 Hue Black Value 1 Chroma 0.3 23000- 27000 CPS 79.23 L*25.77 a*0.2 b*-0.17 56.55
Mars Black Synthetic Inorganic Synthetic Black Iron Oxide 1 I Excellent PBk 11 77499 Hue Black Value 1 Chroma 0.7 18000- 22000 CPS 52.79 L*25.47 a*0.51 b*0.16 67.81
Bone Black Natural Inorganic Amorphous Carbon produced by charring animal bones 2 I Excellent PBk 9 77267 Hue Black Value 1 Chroma 0.5 20000- 24000 CPS 32.62 L*24.58 a*-0.03 b*-0.46 78.87
Graphite Gray Synthetic Inorganic Crystallized Carbon 3 I Excellent PBk 10 77265 Hue Black Value 3 Chroma 0.7 23000- 27000 CPS 14.18 L*38.7 a*0.52 b*0.6 84.22
Paynes Gray Mixture Polysulfide of Sodium-Alumino-Silicate Nearly Pure Amorphous Carbon 2 I Excellent PB 29 / PBk 7 77007 / 77266 Hue 4.0 PB Value 1.75 Chroma 0.6 23000- 27000 CPS 29.3 L*24.12 a*0.05 b*-2.24 74.88
Titan Buff Synthetic Inorganic Titanium Dioxide Rutile 2 I Excellent PW 6:1 77891 Hue 4.5 Y Value 8.25 Chroma 2.8 23000- 27000 CPS 35.52 L*84.57 a*2.01 b*16.99 92.87
Naples Yellow Hue Mixture Titanium Dioxide Rutile Synthetic Hydrated Iron Oxide Diarylide Yellow HR-70 2 I Excellent W6 / PY42 / PY83 77891 / 77492 / 21108 Hue 10.0 YR Value 7.6 Chroma 6.7 22000-24000 CPS 56.41 L*77.26 a*12.1 b*38.74 76.58
Zinc White Synthetic Inorganic Zinc Oxide 7 I Excellent PW 4 77947 Hue White Value 10 Chroma 1.5 23000- 27000 CPS 58.87 L*95.83 a*-0.49 b*0.56 27.2
Titanium White Synthetic Inorganic Titanium Dioxide Rutile 2 I Excellent PW 6 77891 Hue White Value 10 Chroma 1.1 22000- 24000 CPS 43.15 L*98.28 a*-0.9 b*1.67 42.25
N2 Neutral Gray Mixture Titanium Dioxide Rutile Amorphous Carbon produced by charring animal bones Calcined Natural Iron Oxide 2 I Exc PW 6 / PBk 9 / PBr 7 77891 / 77267 / 77491 Hue 4.6 PB Value 2.8 Chroma 0.1 20000-24000 CPS 21.32 L*28.73 a*-0.07 b*-0.88 77.33
N3 Neutral Gray Mixture Titanium Dioxide Rutile Amorphous Carbon produced by charring animal bones Calcined Natural Iron Oxide 2 I Exc PW 6 / PBk 9 / PBr 7 77891 / 77267 / 77491 Hue 6.3 P Value 3.5 20000-24000 CPS 19.08 L*35.5 a*0.14 b*-0.25 77.96
N4 Neutral Gray Mixture Titanium Dioxide Rutile Amorphous Carbon produced by charring animal bones Calcined Natural Iron Oxide 2 I Exc PW 6 / PBk 9 / PBr 7 77891 / 77267 / 77491 Hue 8.2 B Value 4.2 20000-24000 CPS 25.94 L*43.38 a*-0.09 b*-0.51 79.63
N5 Neutral Gray Mixture Titanium Dioxide Rutile Amorphous Carbon produced by charring animal bones Calcined Natural Iron Oxide 2 I Exc PW 6 / PBk 9 / PBr 7 77891 / 77267 / 77491 Hue 8.3 Y Value 5.1 20000-24000 CPS 31.53 L*52.02 a*-0.21 b*-0.28 82.2
N6 Neutral Gray Mixture Titanium Dioxide Rutile Amorphous Carbon produced by charring animal bones Calcined Natural Iron Oxide 2 I Exc PW 6 / PBk 9 / PBr 7 77891 / 77267 / 77491 Hue 8.3 Y Value 6.1 Chroma 0.1 20000-24000 CPS 36.2 L*62.49 a*-0.04 b*0.47 85.1
N7 Neutral Gray Mixture Titanium Dioxide Rutile Amorphous Carbon produced by charring animal bones Calcined Natural Iron Oxide 2 I Exc PW 6 / PBk 9 / PBr 7 77891 / 77267 / 77491 Hue 5.3 Y Value 7 Chroma 0.1 20000-24000 CPS 50.77 L*70.47 a* b*0.72 88.54
N8 Neutral Gray Mixture Titanium Dioxide Rutile Amorphous Carbon produced by charring animal bones Calcined Natural Iron Oxide 2 I Exc PW 6 / PBk 9 / PBr 7 77891 / 77267 / 77491 Hue 6.2 Y Value 7.9 Chroma 0.1 20000-24000 CPS 51.5 L*80.83 a*-0.08 b*0.54 92.54
Phosphorescent Green & Fluorescent Colors
Swatches GOLDEN Name Pigment Classification Chemical Description Opacity/Transparency Lightfastness Rating Permanency Color Index Name Color Index Number Munsell Notation Listing Viscosity Range Gloss Average CIE L*a*b* Values Tint Strength
Fluorescent Chartreuse Organic 8 N/A Poor
Fluorescent Orange-Yellow Organic 8 N/A Poor
Fluorescent Orange Organic 8 N/A Poor
Fluorescent Red Organic 8 N/A Poor
Fluorescent Pink Organic 7 N/A Poor
Fluorescent Magenta Organic 7 N/A Poor
Fluorescent Blue Organic 7 N/A Poor
Fluorescent Green Organic 8 N/A Poor
Phosphorescent Green Copper Doped Zinc Sulfide 8 N/A Poor Hue Value Chroma
Fluid Interference Colors
Swatches GOLDEN Name Pigment Classification Chemical Description Opacity/Transparency Lightfastness Rating Permanency Color Index Name Color Index Number Munsell Notation Listing Viscosity Range Gloss Average CIE L*a*b* Values Tint Strength
Interference Gold (Fine) Inorganic Titanium Dioxide coated Mica particles 8 N/A Excellent N/A N/A Hue: N/A Value: N/A Chroma: N/A 750-1000 CPS 37.7 N/A N/A
Interference Orange (Fine) Inorganic Titanium Dioxide coated Mica particles 8 N/A Excellent N/A N/A Hue: N/A Value: N/A Chroma: N/A 750-1000 CPS 36.11 N/A N/A
Interference Red (Fine) Inorganic Titanium Dioxide coated Mica particles 8 N/A Excellent N/A N/A Hue: N/A Value: N/A Chroma: N/A 750-1000 CPS 30.86 N/A N/A
Interference Violet (Fine) Inorganic Titanium Dioxide coated Mica particles 8 N/A Excellent N/A N/A Hue: N/A Value: N/A Chroma: N/A 750-1000 CPS 35.61 N/A N/A
Interference Blue (Fine) Inorganic Titanium Dioxide coated Mica particles 8 N/A Excellent N/A N/A Hue: N/A Value: N/A Chroma: N/A 750-1000 CPS 32.5 N/A N/A
Interference Green (Fine) Inorganic Titanium Dioxide coated Mica particles 8 N/A Excellent N/A N/A Hue: N/A Value: N/A Chroma: N/A 750-1000 CPS 27.3 N/A N/A
C.T. Interference Violet-Green Inorganic Mica Particles with Silica Particles 8 N/A Excellent N/A N/A Hue: N/A Value: N/A Chroma: N/A 5000-6000 CPS 30.86 N/A N/A
C.T. Interference Green-Orange Inorganic Mica Particles with Silica Particles 8 N/A Excellent N/A N/A Hue: N/A Value: N/A Chroma: N/A 5000-6000 CPS 30.86 N/A N/A
C.T. Interference Green-Blue Inorganic Mica Particles with Silica Particles 8 N/A Excellent N/A N/A Hue: N/A Value: N/A Chroma: N/A 5000-6000 CPS 30.86 N/A N/A
Fluid Matte Colors
Swatches GOLDEN Name Pigment Classification Chemical Description Opacity/Transparency Lightfastness Rating Permanency Color Index Name Color Index Number Munsell Notation Listing Viscosity Range Gloss Average CIE L*a*b* Values Tint Strength
Hansa Yellow Opaque Synthetic Organic Arylide Yellow 5GX 5 I Excellent PY 74 11741 Hue 5.0 Y Value 8.00 Chroma 16.0 400-1000 CPS 1.8 L*85.41 a*11.09 b*93.99 93.22
Hansa Yellow Medium Synthetic Organic Arylide Yellow 7 I Excellent PY 73 11738 Hue 2.0 Y Value 7.75 Chroma 16.8 400-1000 CPS 2.4 L*78.51 a*18.46 b*89.29 93.99
Diarylide Yellow Synthetic Organic Diarylide Yellow HR-70 5 I Excellent PY 83 21108 Hue 8.0 YR Value 7.00 Chroma 15.8 400-1000 CPS 1.6 L*75.48 a*33.38 b80.36 88.46
Pyrrole Red Synthetic Organic Pyrrolopyrrol 3 I Excellent PR 254 56110 Hue: 6.5 R Value: 4.25 Chroma: 17.0 700-1000 CPS 2.7 L*42.26 a*54.60 b*31.25 75.61
Naphthol Red Medium Synthetic Organic Naphthol AS-D 5 II Very Good PR 5 12490 Hue 6.0 R Value 3.50 Chroma 10.6 700-1000 CPS 1.5 L*36.83 a*38.81 b*20.83 72.83
Quinacridone Crimson Synthetic Organic (Mixture) Quinacridone / Quinacridone 5 I Excellent PR 206 /PR 202 NA / NA Hue: 2.5 R Value: 2.00 Chroma: 6.0 300-1000 CPS 2.2 L*28.50 a*14.39 b*3.26 76.13
Quinacridone Magenta Synthetic Organic Quinacridone 7 I Excellent PR 122 73915 Hue: 10.0 RP Value: 2.50 Chroma: 10.0 400-1000 CPS 1.9 L*31.41 a*27.69 b*2.75 77.6
Dioxazine Purple Synthetic Orgainc Carbazole Dioxazine 3 II Very Good PV 23 51319 Hue 2.5 P Value 1.00 Chroma 0.5 400-1000 CPS 1.8 L*24.76 a*2.81 b*-0.17 67.02
Anthraquinone Blue Synthetic Organic Indanthrone Blue 2 I Excellent PB 60 69800 Hue 7.5 PB Value 1.25 Chroma: 3.3 400-1000 CPS 1 L*24.44 a*5.02 b*-6.00 73.38
Ultramarine Blue Synthetic Inorganic Polyulfide of Sodium-Alumino-Silicate PB 29 6 I Not for exterior use 77007 Hue: 8.0 PB Value: 2.00 Chroma: 4.5 400-1000 CPS 2.8 L*24.36 a*12.28 b*-25.74 83.45
Cobalt Blue Synthetic Inorganic Oxides of Cobalt and Aluminum 3 I Excellent PB 28 77346 Hue 6 PB Value 3.00 Chroma 11.0 800-1200 CPS 1 L*36.63 a*9.51 b*-46.66 89.14
Cerulean Blue, Chromium Synthetic Inorganic Oxides of Cobalt and Chromium 3 I Excellent PB 36:1 :MayMay:thth Hue 1.0 PB Value 4.00 Chroma 7.9 400-1000 CPS 1.6 L*42.76 a*-12.04 b*-32.29 88.05
Phthalo Blue (Green Shade) Organometallic Copper Phthalocynine 3 I Excellent PB 15:4 74160 Hue: 7.0 PB Value: 1.25 Chroma: 6.5 400-1000 CPS 1.1 L*24.95 a*8.48 b*-18.01 73.78
Turquois (Phthalo) Mixture opper Phthalocynine / Chlorinated Copper Phthalocynine Heavy Body 3 I Excellent PB 15:4 / PG 7 74160 / 74260 Hue: 5.0 BG Value: 1.25 Chroma: 2.6 400-1000 CPS 1.4 L*25.76 a*-1.64 b*-8.12 75.59
Phthalo Green (Blue Shade) Organometallic Brominated and Chlorinated Copper Phthalocynine 3 I Excellent PG 36 74265 Hue: 5.0 G Value: 1.75 Chroma: 5.4 400-1000 CPS 2.3 L*27.82 a*-11.83 b*-0.17 79.3
Jenkins Green Mixed Amorphous Carbon/Nickel Complex Azo/Brominated and Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine 2 I Excellent PBk 9/PY 150/PG 36 77267/12764/74265 Hue 8.0 GY Value 1.50 Chroma 2.4 400-1000 CPS 1.8 L*26.47 a*-3.30 b*-0.58 80.44
Permanent Green Light Mixture Arylide Yellow / Chlorinated Copper Phthalocynine 3 II Very Good PY 3 / PG 7 11710 / 74260 Hue: 4.0 G Value: 3.75 Chroma: 12.0 400-1000 CPS 2.1 L*43.54 a*-46.94 b*17.96 84.98
Chromium Oxide Green Synthetic Inorganic Anhydrous Chromium Sesquioxide 1 I Excellent PG 17 77299 Hue 9.0 GY Value 4.00 Chroma 4.6 750-1000 CPS 1.4 L*44.19 a*-15.50 b*16.04 83.71
Green Gold Mixture Nickel Complex Azo/Bromated and Clorinated Copper Phthalocyanine/Arylide Yellow 4 II Very Good PY 150/PG 36/PY 3 NA/73265/11710 Hue 2.0 GY Value 4.25 Chroma 7.3 20000-24000 CPS 1.2 L*47.20 a*-12.25 b*32.20 90.73
Yellow Ochre Natural Inorganic Natural Hydrated Iron Oxide 2 I Excellent PY 43 77492 Hue: 9,5 YR Value: 5.00 Chroma: 8.8 650-1000 CPS 2.3 L*57.53 a*16.17 b*37.79 89.98
Raw Sienna Natural Inorganic Natural Iron Oxide 3 I Excellent PY 43 77492 Hue: 19.0 YR Value: 4.50 Chroma: 6.6 750-1000 CPS 2.1 L*88.09 a*4.82 b*12.73 90.46
Burnt Sienna Natural Inorganic Calcinized Natural Iron Oxide 2 I Excellent PBr 7 77491 Hue: 3.0 YR Value: 3.25 Chroma: 4.0 750-1000 CPS 2.2 L*33.67 a*16.86 b*12.58 82.3
Red Oxide Synthetic Inorganic Synthetic Red Iron Oxide 1 I Excellent PR 101 77491 Hue: 10.0 R Value: 3.00 Chroma: 7.8 600-1000 CPS 2.1 L*67.39 a*19.45 b*7.31 76.16
Burnt Umber Natural Inorganic Calcined Natural Iron Oxide containing Mangenese 2 I Excellent PBr 7 77491 Hue: 9.0 YR Value: 2.50 Chroma: 1.0 400-1000 CPS 0.9 L*28.57 a*2.86 b*4.06 83.39
Raw Umber Natural Inorganic Natural Iron Oxide containing Manganese 1 I Excellent PBr 7 77492 Hue: 3.0 Y Value: 2.50 Chroma: 1.3 400-1000 CPS 2.3 L*29.25 a*1.04 b*2.67 79.58
Paynes Gray Mixture Polysulfide of Sodium-Alumino Oxide / Nearly Pure Amorphous Carbon 2 I Excellent PB 29 / PBk 7 77007 / 77266 Hue: 4.0 PB Value: 1.75 Chroma: 0.6 400-1000 CPS 1.6 L*24.12 a*0.05 b*-2.24 78.1
Carbon Black Natural Inorganic Nearly Pure Amorphous Carbon 1 I Excellent PBk 7 77266 Hue Black Value 1.00 Chroma 0.3 400-1000 CPS 1.8 L*25.77 a*0.20 b*-0.17 55.85
Titan Buff Synthetic Inorganic Titanium Dioxide Rutile 2 I Excellent PW 6 77891 Hue: 4.5 Y Value: 8.25 Chroma: 2.8 400-1000 CPS 1.3 L*84.57 a*2.01 b*16.99 93.69
Zinc White Synthetic Inorganic Zinc Oxide 7 I Excellent PW 4 77947 Hue: White Value: 10.00 Chroma: 1.5 800-1100 CPS 3.3 L*95.83 a*-0.49 b*0.56 26.45
Titanium White Synthetic Inorganic Titanium Dioxide Rutile 2 I Excellent PW 6 77891 Hue: White Value: 10.00 Chroma: 1.1 900-1000 CPS 1.7 L*98.28 a*-.90 b*1.67 38.57
Fluid Iridescent Colors
Swatches GOLDEN Name Pigment Classification Chemical Description Opacity/Transparency Lightfastness Rating Permanency Color Index Name Color Index Number Munsell Notation Listing Viscosity Range Gloss Average CIE L*a*b* Values Tint Strength
Iridescent Copper Light (Fine) Inorganic Iron Oxide Coated Mica Particles 3 N/A Excellent N/A Hue N/A Value N/A Chroma N/A 750-1000 CPS 43.45 L*N/A a*N/A b*N/A N/A
Iridescent Copper (Fine) Inorganic Iron Oxide Coated Mica Particles Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine 3 N/A Excellent N/A Hue N/A Value N/A Chroma N/A 750-1000 CPS 41.82 L*N/A a*N/A b*N/A N/A
Iridescent Bronze (Fine) Mixture Iron Oxide Coated Mica Particles Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine 3 N/A Excellent N/A / PG 7 / 74260 Hue N/A Value N/A Chroma N/A 750-1000 CPS 44.05 L*N/A a*N/A b*N/A N/A
Iridescent Gold (Fine) Inorganic Titanium Dioxide Coated Mica Particles 6 N/A Excellent N/A Hue N/A Value N/A Chroma N/A 750-1000 CPS 35.19 L*N/A a*N/A b*N/A N/A
Iridescent Gold Deep (Fine) Inorganic Titanium Dioxide Coated Mica Particles 4 N/A Excellent N/A Hue N/A Value N/A Chroma N/A 750-1000 CPS 30.3 L*N/A a*N/A b*N/A N/A
Iridescent Bright Gold (Fine) Mixture Titanium Dioxide Coated Mica Particles Nickel Complex Azo Quinacridone 6 N/A Excellent N/A / PY 150 / PR 206 / 12764 / 73903 Hue N/A Value N/A Chroma N/A 750-1000 CPS 42.8 L*N/A a*N/A b*N/A N/A
Iridescent Pearl (Fine) Inorganic Titanium Dioxide Coated Mica Particles 5 N/A Excellent N/A Hue N/A Value N/A Chroma N/A 750-1000 CPS 36.33 L*N/A a*N/A b*N/A N/A
Iridescent Silver (Fine) Inorganic Titanium Dioxide Coated Mica Particles Nearly Pure Amorphous Carbon 3 N/A Excellent N/A / PBk 7 / 77266 Hue N/A Value N/A Chroma N/A 750-1000 CPS 37.66 L*N/A a*N/A b*N/A N/A
Iridescent Stainless Steel (Coarse) Inorganic Iron, Chromium, Nickel 2 N/A Excellent N/A Hue N/A Value N/A Chroma N/A 750-1000 CPS 25.48 L*N/A a*N/A b*N/A N/A
Micaceous Iron Oxide Inorganic Specular Hematite Ore 1 I Excellent PR 101 77491 Hue N/A Value N/A Chroma N/A 1.14 L*N/A a*N/A b*N/A N/A
OPEN Acrylic Colors
Swatches GOLDEN Name Pigment Classification Chemical Description Opacity/Transparency Lightfastness Rating Permanency Color Index Name Color Index Number Munsell Notation Listing Viscosity Range Gloss Average CIE L*a*b* Values Tint Strength
Bismuth Vanadate Yellow Inorganic Bismuth Vanadate 4 I Excellent PY 184 771740 Hue 8.1 Y Value 9.1 Chroma 12.2 4000-15000 CPS 50.4 L*89.8 a*-4.89 b*90.2 96.18
C.P. Cadmium Yellow Primrose Synthetic Inorganic Cadmium Zinc Sulfide (CC) 5 I Not for exterior use PY 35 77205 Hue 10.0 Y Value 9 Chroma 16 4000-15000 CPS 65.1 L*91.06 a*-8.78 b*85.05 96.49
C.P. Cadmium Yellow Medium Synthetic Inorganic Cadmium Zinc Sulfide (CC) 4 I Not for exterior use PY 35 77205 Hue 3.0 Y Value 8 Chroma 16.1 4000-15000 CPS 76.5 L*83.91 a*15.55 b*94.46 92.95
C.P. Cadmium Yellow Dark Synthetic Inorganic Cadmium Zinc Sulfide (CC) 5 I Not for exterior use PY 35 77205 Hue 9.8 YR Value 7.9 Chroma 14.2 4000-15000 CPS 35.4 L*78.28 a*25.47 b*87.39 91.79
Hansa Yellow Light Synthetic Organic Arylide Yellow 7 II Very Good PY 3 11710 Hue 10 Y Value 8.25 Chroma 13.8 4000-15000 CPS 64.9 L*86.94 a*-3.48 b*87.5 96.77
Hansa Yellow Opaque Synthetic Organic Arylide Yellow 5GX 5 I Excellent PY 74 11741 Hue 5.0 Y Value 8 Chroma 16 4000-15000 CPS 52.8 L*85.41 a*11.09 b*93.99 94.06
Hansa Yellow Medium Synthetic Organic Arylide Yellow 8 I Excellent PY 73 11738 Hue 2.3 Y Value 8.1 Chroma 14.1 4000-15000 CPS 23.3 L*79.45 a*17.47 b*92.76 94.5
Diarylide Yellow Synthetic Organic Diarylide Yellow HR-70 6 I Excellent PY 83 21108 Hue 7.7 YR Value 7.7 Chroma 14.4 4000-15000 CPS 75.8 L*75.42 a*33.41 b*83.26 89.81
Aureolin Hue Mixture Arylide Yellow Arylide Yellow Calcined Natural Iron Oxide containing Manganese Synthetic Hydrated Iron Oxide 5 I Very Good PY3 / PY73 / PBr7 / PY42 11710 / 11738 / 77492 / 77492 Hue 1.2Y Value 6.5 Chroma 9.7 4000-15000 CPS 39.4 L*65.15 a*14.92 b*62.41 92.63
Nickel Azo Yellow Synthetic Organic Nickel Complex Azo 8 I Excellent PY 150 12764 Hue 3.5 Y Value 4.75 Chroma 9 4000-15000 CPS 43.2 L*52.06 a*12.26 b*40.34 91.7
Transparent Yellow Iron Oxide Synthetic Inorganic Synthetic Iron Oxide 8 I Excellent PY 42 77492 Hue 5.5 YR Value 5 Chroma 6.3 4000-15000 CPS 92.2 L*50.31 a*20.99 b*31.79 91.92
Transparent Red Iron Oxide Synthetic Inorganic Synthetic Iron Oxide 7 I Excellent PR 101 77491 Hue 5.0 YR Value 2.5 Chroma 6 4000-15000 CPS 96.7 L*32.8 a*16.85 b*8.85 84
Transparent Brown Iron Oxide Inorganic Synthetic Iron Oxide Nearly Pure Amorphous Carbon 5 I Excellent PR 101 / PBk 7 77491 / 77266 Hue 5.4 YR Value 3.1 Chroma 1.1 4000-15000 CPS 88.2 L*31.92 a*4.64 b*5.59 81.79
Quinacridone/Nickel Azo Gold Synthetic Organic (Mixture) Quinacridone Nickel Complex Azo 7 I Excellent PO 48 / PY 150 73900 / 73920 / 12764 Hue 2.2YR Value 3.4 Chroma 4 4000-15000 CPS 61.1 L*34.34 a*18.65 b*14.23 87
Quinacridone Burnt Orange Synthetic Organic Quinacridone 6 I Excellent PR 206 / PR 202 / PR 122 / PR 101 / PG 36 73903 Hue 5.6 R Value 3 Chroma 3.8 4000-15000 CPS 80.3 L*30.75 a*17.85 b*8.42 80.87
Indian Yellow Hue Synthetic Organic (Mixture) Arylide Yellow Nickel Complex Azo Quinacridone 8 I Excellent PY 73 / PY 150 / PR 206 11738 / 12764 / 73903 Hue 5.0 Y Value 5.35 Chroma 9.5 4000-15000 CPS 35.1 L*55.2 a*28.9 b*48.11 89.97
C.P. Cadmium Orange Synthetic Inorganic Cadmium (Sulfo-Selenide)-(CC) 4 I Not for exterior use PO 20 77202 Hue 2.0 YR Value 6.25 Chroma 17.5 4000-15000 CPS 69.3 L*63.85 a*53.5 b*63.6 85.5
Pyrrole Orange Synthetic Organic Diketopyrrole-pyrrole 6 N/A Excellent PO 73 561170 Hue 8.6 R Value 5.6 Chroma 15.8 4000-15000 CPS 70.5 L*56.46 a*60.04 b*53.94 84.45
C.P. Cadmium Red Light Synthetic Inorganic Cadmium (Sulfo-Selenide)-(CC) 3 I Not for exterior use PR 108 77202 Hue 9.0 R Value 5.25 Chroma 15.9 4000-15000 CPS 71.8 L*51.78 a*57.62 b*42.74 78.88
C.P. Cadmium Red Medium Synthetic Inorganic Cadmium (Sulfo-Selenide)-(CC) 3 I Not for exterior use PR 108 77202 Hue 7.0 R Value 4.25 Chroma 16 4000-15000 CPS 71 L*42.85 a*50.1 b*27.7 77.19
C.P. Cadmium Red Dark Synthetic Inorganic Cadmium (Sulfo-Selenide) (CC) 3 I Not for exterior use PR 108 77202 Hue 4.7 R Value 3.8 Chroma 10.5 4000-15000 CPS 33.9 L*37.76 a*42.4 b*19.72 77.73
Pyrrole Red Synthetic Organic Diketopyrrole-pyrrole 4 I Excellent PR 254 56110 Hue 6.5 R Value 4.25 Chroma 17 4000-15000 CPS 52.4 L*42.26 a*54.6 b*31.25 77
Pyrrole Red Dark Organic Diketopyrrole-pyrrole 3 N/A Excellent PR 264 561300 Hue 4.8 R Value 3.6 Chroma 11.3 4000-15000 CPS 82.9 L*36.13 a*46.15 b*21.13 68.38
Naphthol Red Light Synthetic Organic Naphthol AS-D 5 II Very Good PR 112 12370 Hue 6.7 R Value 4.6 Chroma 14 4000-15000 CPS 91.3 L*46.06 a*55.25 b*36.2 77.69
Naphthol Red Medium Synthetic Organic Naphthol ITR 6 II Very Good PR 5 12490 Hue 6.0 R Value 3.5 Chroma 10.6 4000-15000 CPS 18.1 L*36.83 a*38.81 b*20.83 80.04
Quinacridone Red Synthetic Organic Quinacridone 7 I Excellent PV 19 73900 Hue 4000-15000 CPS 92 L*37.03 a*40.17 b*15.66 76.78
Quinacridone Crimson Synthetic Organic (Mixture) Quinacridone Quinacridone 6 I Excellent PR 206 / PR 202 73903 / 73907 Hue 2.9 R Value 2.9 Chroma 5.1 4000-15000 CPS 75.8 L*29.64 a*22.43 b*6.65 80.17
Quinacridone Magenta Synthetic Organic Quinacridone 7 I Excellent PR 122 73915 Hue 10.0 RP Value 2.5 Chroma 10 4000-15000 CPS 88.9 L*31.41 a*27.69 b*2.75 77
Permanent Maroon Mixture Quinacridone Quinacridone Quinacridone Synthetic Iron Oxide Brominated & Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine 4 I Excellent PR 206 / PR 202 / PR 122 / PR 101 / PG 36 73903 / 73907 / 73915 / 77491 / 74265 Hue 1.0 R Value 2.6 Chroma 1.1 4000-15000 CPS 38.5 L*26.25 a*5.62 b*0.71 78.87
Alizarin Crimson Hue Synthetic Organic (Mixture) Quinacridone Quinacridone Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine 6 I Excellent PR 122 / PR 206 / PG 7 73915 / 73903 / 74260 Hue 10 RP Value 2.8 Chroma 1.2 4000-15000 CPS 58.1 L*27.94 a*9.37 b*2.19 76.38
Ultramarine Violet Synthetic Inorganic Polysulfide of Sodium-Alumino-Silicate 6 I Not for exterior use PV 15 77007 Hue 1.0 P Value 2.6 Chroma 8.9 4000-15000 CPS 7.9 L*27.66 a*21.41 b*-32.85 90.6
Permanent Violet Dark Mixture Indanthrone Quinacridone 4 I Excellent PB 60 / PR 122 69800 / 73915 Hue 1.1 RP Value 2.5 Chroma 1.3 4000-15000 CPS 83.7 L*25.98 a*6.57 b*-3.74 76.18
Dioxazine Purple Synthetic Organic Carbazole Dioxazine 3 II Very Good PV 23 51319 Hue 2.5 P Value 1 Chroma 0.5 4000-15000 CPS 84.2 L*24.76 a*2.81 b*-0.17 69.16
Anthraquinone Blue Synthetic Organic Indanthrone 3 I Excellent PB 60 69800 Hue 4.4 P Value 2.4 Chroma 1.3 4000-15000 CPS 80.3 L*24.57 a*4.89 b*-6.06 75.07
Ultramarine Blue Synthetic Inorganic Polysulfide of Sodium-Alumino-Silicate 7 I Not for exterior use PB 29 77007 Hue 8.0 PB Value 2 Chroma 4.5 4000-15000 CPS 15.7 L*24.36 a*12.28 b*-25.74 82
Cobalt Blue Synthetic Inorganic Oxides of Cobalt and Aluminum 5 I Excellent PB 28 77346 Hue 6 PB Value 3 Chroma 11 4000-15000 CPS 72.8 L*36.63 a*9.51 b*-46.66 85.51
Cerulean Blue, Chromium Synthetic Inorganic Oxides of Cobalt and Chromium 5 I Excellent PB 36:1 77343:1 Hue 1.0 PB Value 4 Chroma 7.9 4000-15000 CPS 39.1 L*42.76 a*-12.04 b*-32.29 89.23
Phthalo Blue (Red Shade) Organometallic Copper Phthalocyanine 5 I Excellent PB 15:1 74160 Hue 4000-15000 CPS 70 L*24.2 a*5.77 b*-13.98 74.66
Phthalo Blue (Green Shade) Organometallic Copper Phthalocyanine 5 I Excellent PB 15:4 74160 Hue 7.0 PB Value 1.25 Chroma 6.5 4000-15000 CPS 85.3 L*24.95 a*8.48 b*-18.01 73
Light Ultramarine Blue Mixture Polysulfide of Sodium-Alumino-Silicate Titnaium Dioxide Rutile 3 I Excellent PB 29 / PW 6 77007 / 77891 Hue 6.6 PB Value 6.2 Chroma 10.8 4000-15000 CPS 53.3 L*65.4 a*1.03 b*-40.24 88.43
Manganese Blue Hue Mixture Phthalocyanine Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine Zinc Oxide 6 I Excellent PB 15:4 / PG 7 / PW 4 74160 / 74260 / 77947 Hue 6.0 B Value 3.95 Chroma 7.3 4000-15000 CPS 77.6 L*41.18 a*-14.38 b*-31.78 83.79
Prussian Blue Hue Mixture Copper Phthalocyanine Carbazole Dioxazine Amorphous Carbon produced by charring animal bones 3 II Very Good PB15:1 / PV23 / PBk9 74160 / 51319 / 77266 Hue 8.9 PB Value 2.3 Chroma 0.8 4000-15000 CPS 29.4 L*24.09 a*1.17 b*-3.9 75.09
Teal Mixture Titanium Dioxide Rutile Copper Phthalocyanine Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine 2 I Excellent PW6 / PB 15:4 / PG 7 77891 / 74160 / 74260 Hue 9.3BG Value 5.9 Chroma 9.4 20000-24000 CPS 83.7 L*62.40 a*-45.25 b*-13.35 86.24
Cobalt Turquois Synthetic Inorganic Oxides of Cobalt and Chromium 3 I Excellent PB 36:1 77343 Hue 8.7 BG Value 4.1 Chroma 5.9 4000-15000 CPS 56.1 L*43.21 a*-28.74 b*-9.21 87.42
Cobalt Green Synthetic Inorganic Cobalt Chromite Green Spinel 3 I Excellent PG 26 77344 Hue 9.2 G Value 3.4 Chroma 3.5 4000-15000 CPS 62.2 L*35.16 a*-17.98 b*3.39 88.81
Phthalo Green (Blue Shade) Organometallic Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine 7 I Excellent PG 7 74260 Hue 5.0 BG Value 1.25 Chroma 5 4000-15000 CPS 97.8 L*27.19 a*-8.89 b*4.80 80
Phthalo Green (Yellow Shade) Organometallic Brominated & Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine 7 I Excellent PG 36 74265 Hue 8.9 G Value 2.8 Chroma 3.5 4000-15000 CPS 88.6 L*29.24 a*-17.87 b*3.48 85.13
Jenkins Green Mixture Amorphous Carbon produced by charring animal bones Nickel Complex Azo Brominated and Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine 3 I Excellent PBk 9 / PY 150 / PG 36 77267 / 12764 / 74265 Hue 8.0 GY Value 1.5 Chroma 2.4 4000-15000 CPS 28.4 L*26.47 a*-3.3 b*-0.58 82.76
Permanent Green Light Mixture Arylide Yellow 10G Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine 4 II Very Good PY 3 / PG 7 11710 / 74260 Hue 4.4 G Value 4.1 Chroma 9 4000-15000 CPS 59.2 L*43.41 a*-47.92 b*18.53 85.01
Chromium Oxide Green Synthetic Inorganic Anhydrous Chromium Sesquioxide 1 I Excellent PG 17 77288 Hue 9.0 GY Value 4 Chroma 4.6 4000-15000 CPS 51.9 L*44.19 a*-15.5 b*16.04 85.18
Chromium Oxide Green Dark Inorganic Anhydrous Chromium Sesquioxide 2 I Excellent PG 17PO 20 77288 Hue 9.7 GY Value 3.3 Chroma 2.7 4000-15000 CPS 55.9 L*33.97 a*-9.57 b*8.75 89.17
Green Gold Mixture Nickel Complex Azo Brominated and Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine Arylide Yellow 7 II Very Good PY 150 / PG 36 / PY 3 12764 / 74265 / 11710 Hue 2.0 GY Value 4.25 Chroma 7.3 4000-15000 CPS 62.8 L*47.2 a*-12.25 b*32.2 90.25
Viridian Green Hue Mixture Zinc Oxide Copper Phthalocyanine Nickel Complex Azo Calcined Natural Iron Oxide 6 I Excellent PW 4 / PB 15:4 / PY 150 / PBr 7 77947 / 74160 / 12764 / 77492 Hue 8.8 G Value 3.5 Chroma 5 4000-15000 CPS 83.7 L*35.64 a*-24.01 b*.39 85.23
Terra Verte Hue Mixture Anhydrous Chromium Sesquioxide Amorphous Carbon produced by charring animal bones Natural Iron Oxide containing Manganese Brominated & Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine Synthetic Hydrated Iron Oxide 6 I Excellent PG 17 / PBk 9 / PBr 7 / PG 36 / PY 42 77288 / 77267 / 77492 / 74265 / 77492 Hue 7.8 GY Value 3.5 Chroma 2.2 4000-15000 CPS 59.1 L*35.3 a*-6.93 b*8.69 91.58
Sap Green Hue Mixture Synthetic Iron Oxide Nickel Complex Azo Brominated and Chlorinated Copper Phthalocyanine Amorphous Carbon 3 I Excellent PR 101 / PY 150 / PG 36 / PBk 7 77491 / 12764 / 74265 / 77266 Hue .75 G Value 2.75 Chroma 1.2 4000-15000 CPS 82 L*27.81 a*-3.43 b*1.30 80.9
Yellow Oxide Synthetic Inorganic Synthetic Hydrated Iron Oxide 2 I Excellent PY 42 77492 Hue .4 Y Value 6.2 Chroma 7.3 4000-15000 CPS 86.9 L*62.44 a*14.81 b*45.47 89.06
Yellow Ochre Natural Inorganic Natural Hydrated Iron Oxide 3 I Excellent PY 43 77492 Hue 9,5 YR Value 5 Chroma 8.8 4000-15000 CPS 19.5 L*57.53 a*16.17 b*37.79 90
Raw Sienna Natural Inorganic Natural Iron Oxide 4 I Excellent PY 43 77492 Hue 19.0 YR Value 4.5 Chroma 6.6 4000-15000 CPS 14.2 L*88.09 a*4.82 b*12.73 90
Naples Yellow Hue Mixture Titanium Dioxide Rutile Synthetic Hydrated Iron Oxide Diarylide Yellow HR-70 3 I Excellent PW 6 / PY 42 / PY 83 77891 / 77492 / 21108 Hue 10.0 YR Value 7.6 Chroma 6.7 4000-15000 CPS 54.3 L*77.26 a*12.1 b*38.74 93.83
Burnt Sienna Natural Inorganic Calcined Natural Iron Oxide 3 I Excellent PBr 7 77491 Hue 3.0 YR Value 3.25 Chroma 4 4000-15000 CPS 9.5 L*33.67 a*16.86 b*12.58 83.9
Mars Yellow Synthetic Inorganic Mixture of Synthetic Iron Oxides 3 I Excellent PBr 6 77491 & 2 Hue 1.7 YR Value 4.7 Chroma 6.8 4000-15000 CPS 65.4 L*47.24 a*25.99 b*27.34 81.39
Red Oxide Synthetic Inorganic Synthetic Red Iron Oxide 1 I Excellent PR 101 77491 Hue 10.0 R Value 3 Chroma 7.8 4000-15000 CPS 67.7 L*67.39 a*19.45 b*7.31 73
Violet Oxide Synthetic Inorganic Synthetic Iron Oxide 2 I Excellent PR 101 77015 Hue 5.2 R Value 3.1 Chroma 3.8 4000-15000 CPS 62.7 L*31.72 a*18.16 b*7.98 81.51
Burnt Umber Natural Inorganic Calcined Natural Iron Oxide containing Manganese 2 I Excellent PBr 7 77491 Hue 9.0 YR Value 2.5 Chroma 1 4000-15000 CPS 2.4 L*28.57 a*2.86 b*4.06 83.74
Raw Umber Natural Inorganic Natural Iron Oxide containing Manganese 1 I Excellent PBr 7 77492 Hue 3.0 Y Value 2.5 Chroma 1.3 4000-15000 CPS 9.6 L*29.25 a*1.04 b*2.67 81
Van Dyke Brown Hue Mixture Synthetic Iron Oxide Nearly Pure Amorphous Carbon 2 I Excellent PR 101 / PBk 7 77491 / 77266 Hue 5.0 GY Value 2.7 Chroma 0.7 4000-15000 CPS 45.3 L*27.04 a*0.3 b*-.04 76.97
Paynes Gray Mixture Polysulfide of Sodium-Alumino-Silicate Nearly Pure Amorphous Carbon 1 I Excellent PB 29 / PBk 7 77007 / 77266 Hue 4.0 PB Value 1.75 Chroma 0.6 4000-15000 CPS 45.7 L*24.12 a*0.05 b*-2.24 76.06
Bone Black Natural Inorganic Amorphous Carbon produced by charring animal bones 3 I Excellent PBk 9 77267 Hue Black Value 1 Chroma 0.5 4000-15000 CPS 13.5 L*24.58 a*-0.03 b*-0.46 82.82
Carbon Black Natural Inorganic Nearly Pure Amorphous Carbon 1 I Excellent PBk 7 77266 Hue Black Value 1 Chroma 0.3 4000-15000 CPS 57.1 L*25.77 a*0.2 b*-0.17 61.74
Titan Green Pale Synthetic Inorganic Titanium Dioxide Rutile Synthetic Hydrated Iron Oxide Anhydrous Chromium Sesquioxide Natural Iron Oxide containing Manganese 3 I Excellent PW 6 / PY42 / PG17 / PBr 7 77891 / 77492 / 77288 / 77492 Hue 5.3GY Value 8.0 Chroma 1.8 79.3 L*81.30 a*-4.66 b*12.52 94.71
Titan Buff Synthetic Inorganic Titanium Dioxide Rutile 3 I Excellent PW 6:1 77891 Hue 4.5 Y Value 8.25 Chroma 2.8 4000-15000 CPS 28.5 L*84.57 a*2.01 b*16.99 94
Zinc White Synthetic Inorganic Zinc Oxide 8 I Excellent PW 4 77947 Hue 2.4 GY Value 9.3 Chroma 0.2 4000-15000 CPS 56.6 L*94.19 a*-0.66 b*2.01 25.67
Titanium White Synthetic Inorganic Titanium Dioxide Rutile 2 I Excellent PW 6 77891 Hue White Value 10 Chroma 1.1 10000-20000 CPS 83.6 L*98.28 a*-0.9 b*1.67 35
Lightfastness
 
The Lightfastness Ratings are provided by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) in the standard for "Artists' Acrylic Emulsion Paints". (ASTM D 5098, Annual Book of Standards, Volume 6.02). Colors with a Lightfastness Rating of I are considered Excellent ("Exc.") and those with a Lightfastness Rating of II are Very Good ("V.G."). Where Lightfastness Ratings have not been obtained according to ASTM test protocol, "N/A" is used. In those cases, data from pigment manufacturers and our own test facilities have been used and an appropriate description assigned under Permanency.
 
Lightfastness I: Excellent - Artist colors are let down with white to arrive at a pastel shade. These samples are exposed to an accelerated dose of of light energy equivalent to that which would be expected to occur during approximately 100 years of museum-lit conditions. This exposure is condensed into approximately 15 weeks of testing time, or less, depending upon the accelerated test methods used. For the purposes of the official test, before and after color difference is determined using a spectrophotometer, and difference units are mathematically calculated. Less than 4 units color change earns a color the designation of Lightfastness I. In practicality, this means that a visual comparison of the unexposed and exposed samples, when held adjacent, would reveal, at worse, a barely perceptible color change.
 
Lightfastness II: Very Good - Under the same test conditions, a visual comparison of adjacent unexposed and exposed samples will reveal a perceptible color change. This change will quickly become imperceptible to most observers as the sample pieces are moved apart from one another. When expressed mathematically, change falling within the range of 4-8 units is covered by this category.

 
Perm: Lightfastness and durability based on our testing and manufacturer's data.
** The identified colors are sensitive to a combination of moisture and UV radiation and are not recommended for outdoor use.
 
Opacity/Transparency
We have determined that an eight-point scale is most appropriate for describing the properties of our colors. We have assigned each color in the chart a number from 1 (most opaque) to 8 (most transparent) to indicate the opacity/transparency of that color.
 
C.I. Name / C.I. Number
The Colour Index Name and Number are internationally recognized codes assigned to a particular "colorant" by both the Society of Dyers and Colourists and the American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists. The C.I. Name consists of the category (type of dye or pigment), general hue and serial number, based on its chemical constitution. For example, PB 60, Anthraquinone Blue, indicates a specific Pigment Blue. The C.I. Number is a five-digit reference number assigned in the Colour Index based on the chemical structure of a colorant, regardless of usage class. For more information on these please see the following:
 
The Nomenclature of Color
http://www.goldenpaints.com/justpaint/jp16article1.php

 
Type: Designates whether the pigments used in a color are based on Organic or Inorganic chemistry. When containing both types, the term Mixed is used.
 
Permanency
Exc. - Excellent
V.G. - Very Good
Poor

 
Abbreviations
C.P. - indicates concentrated cadmium pigments (CC).
G.S. - Green Shade
B.S. - Blue Shade
R.S. - Red Shade
Y.S. - Yellow Shade
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