GOLDEN Acrylic Flow Release is a surfactant. A surfactant is a concentrated surface-active liquid which reduces surface
tension, thus improving wetting and increasing the flow of acrylic
A surfactant is used several ways in acrylic paint making. Surfactants
are used to "wet out" pigments to ease their introduction
into an acrylic resin, medium or gel. They can also be added to
thinner paint mixtures, such as stains, to help reduce surface
Acrylic Flow Release is very useful for staining techniques,
as it dramatically reduces the surface tension between the stain
(paint/water) and the support. Certain supports, especially raw
canvas, are inherently water repelling in nature and require the
use of such a surface-active agent to allow the stain to wet and
penetrate into the support
Adding Acrylic Flow Release to Paint Mixtures
NOTE: Always pre-dilute Acrylic Flow Release before adding to a paint mixture. This product is a powerful surfactant, and we recommend adding minimum amounts to a mixture and increasing levels gradually. Always try to use the least amount require to achieve the desired effect. Starting Dilutions – For most applications
Mix 1 part Acrylic Flow Release to 10-20 parts water. Use
this mixture whenever adding the Flow Release into a paint system.
When painting on non-absorbent surfaces (not staining), do
not exceed the level of 3% Acrylic Flow Release/water mix in
the paint to minimize water sensitivity.
For staining applications on absorbent surfaces, higher levels
of Flow Release may be used as it will be absorbed by the support.
Use Flow Release to pre-wet canvas or paper to increase the
staining or spreading capabilities of the paint.
For stains1, in order to avoid over-adding AFR, begin by creating an AFR/water mixture. The suggested starting point is 3 teaspoons of AFR to 1 quart of water (15ml to 1 liter). Test how readily the mixture absorbs into the fabric or other support, and add more AFR as needed, but do not exceed 3% of the entire mixture, or 30ml.
Label the container "AFR/Water mixture" and use as needed to add into acrylic paints and mediums, or used to pre-wet the canvas prior to staining.
Pre-wetting the canvas with water or a water/Acrylic Flow
Release mixture will facilitate the penetration of the stain
into the weave of the canvas.
For hardedge stains, incorporate the Acrylic Flow Release
into the stain, but work on dry supports that have not been
Marbleizing2 Additive Acrylic Flow Release can be used to "balance" acrylic
paints for marbleizing techniques. For a full description of this
process, refer to the Marbleizing with GOLDEN Products Information
Shaking or rapid stirring will increase foaming of material and
paint mixtures. To minimize foam, handle carefully.
Excessive use of Acrylic Flow Release can cause water sensitivity
of the paint film, result in film tackiness, or increase foaming
1Stain - Transparent or semitransparent solution of pigments
in a liquid composed of thinner and binder. 2Marbleizing - Floating paints on thickened medium to
produce intricate patterns.
Acrylic Wash and Stain Painting on Raw Canvas
The above information is based on research and testing done by
Golden Artist Colors, Inc., and is provided as a basis for understanding
the potential uses of the products mentioned. Due to the numerous
variables in methods, materials and conditions of producing art,
Golden Artist Colors, Inc. cannot be sure the product will be
right for you. Therefore, we urge product users to test each application
to ensure all individual project requirements are met. While we
believe the above information is accurate, WE MAKE NO EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE, and we shall in no event be liable for any damages
(indirect, consequential, or otherwise) that may occur as a result
of a product application.