The four lines of GOLDEN Acrylics that are of interest to the
fabric artist include the Airbrush, Fluid, Heavy Body, and Matte
Colors. The main difference between each of these product lines
is paint viscosity (thickness) or consistency. The Airbrush Colors
are the thinnest and are ready to spray. Fluid Colors are similar
in consistency to a heavy cream. Heavy
Body and Matte Acrylics are thick, with a buttery consistency.
These various acrylic paint lines, each using the same lightfast
pigments, allow the artist to combine the effects of spraying,
staining, brushing and other application techniques.
GOLDEN Heavy Body (including Iridescent and Interference Colors),
Matte, Fluorescent, and Fluid Acrylics are appropriate for hand
brushing techniques and heat-setting is not required. To provide
a softer hand 1, which also prevents cracking in thicker
passages, blend 1:1 with GAC 900 or GOLDEN Silk-screen Fabric
Gel (for thicker paint applications). The GAC 900 and the Silk-screen
Fabric Gel contain a special polymer additive that is designed
to impart a softer hand, while offering excellent launderability 2 when properly heat-set (see directions below)
For best results, blend GOLDEN Fluid Acrylics with GOLDEN Airbrush
Medium. Start with a 1:1 mixing ratio, and increase amount of
GOLDEN Airbrush Medium as desired to increase sprayability and/or
transparency. When artwork is complete, spray a thin coat of GAC
900 for least color loss. GAC 900 can be added to the system if
a softer hand is desired (follow heat-set directions below). For
durability and washability in a spray application, this is the
recommended system, and will perform significantly better than
GOLDEN Airbrush Colors alone.
blended with GOLDEN Airbrush Medium do not require heat-setting
for launderability, yet equal the performance of fabric paints
that do. Using GOLDEN Fluids generates a saving of time, energy,
and money. Allow for garments to cure for at least 4 days prior
to washing (Note: heat-setting will speed the curing time required
and may increase the launderability).
Body, Matte, Iridescent, Interference and Fluorescent Colors can
also be sprayed onto fabric; however, their thicker viscosities
warrant more dilution with GOLDEN Airbrush Medium which yields
weak, transparent coverage.
recommended for fabric use, GOLDEN Airbrush Colors may be blended
1:1 or more with the GAC 900 to aid in washfastness (properly
heat-set according to directions listed below). This blend, although
better than GOLDEN Airbrush Colors alone, is still not equal to
the launderability performance of the Fluid Acrylics/Airbrush
soft spray applications such as gradated areas, shading, and any
skylines should be sprayed with a light coat of GAC 900 to increase
The viscosity of GOLDEN Airbrush Colors is ideal for tie-dye and
staining applications. Pre-wetting the fabric with water and using
the GOLDEN Airbrush Colors in place of fiber-reactive dyes creates
brilliant patterns. Adding GOLDEN Acrylic Flow Release can also
help the paint penetrate into the fabric (follow directions on
label). To increase the launderability, blend the GOLDEN Airbrush
Colors 1:1 with GAC 900. After applying the paint to the fabric,
wait for it to be completely dry before heat-setting or washing.
This will maximize the amount of color that "sets"
3 into the fabric. If GAC 900 is blended with the Acrylics,
follow the directions for heat-setting below. GOLDEN Fluid Acrylics
may also be used for this technique, but will require the addition
of water to thin to the proper viscosity, along with the GAC 900
to increase the launderability.
GOLDEN Heavy Body, Matte, Fluorescent, or Fluid Colors blended
1:1 with GAC 900 or Silk-Screen Fabric Gel produce silk-screen
inks with excellent durability on fabric. The mixture used is
dependent on two factors: the material to be printed and personal
preference of paint consistency. (Refer to GOLDEN Information
Sheet on the Silk-Screen Fabric Gel for the most complete information
on this technique).
onto heavy, cotton material, a thinner mixture of Fluid Colors
and GAC 900 may be desired, as its thin consistency helps to penetrate
into material. If printing on a polyester or synthetic material,
a pastier mixture of Heavy Body Acrylics and Silk-Screen Fabric
Gel will work better due to a lower tendency of the ink to "bleed" 4 into the material. Some experimentation
is needed to find the system that is best suited for your work.
(1:1) from Thickest Consistency to Thinnest
Body or Matte Acrylics/Silk-Screen Fabric Gel
Body or Matte Acrylics/GAC 900
Acrylics/Silk-Screen Fabric Gel
Both the GAC
900 and the Silk-Screen Fabric Gel will impart softness of hand,
while offering excellent launderability. Proper heat-setting is
required for both products (see below for heat-setting instructions).
Proper product selection, heat-setting, and care ensure long
of Large Areas or Long Lines
Filling in large areas with thick paint will produce a very stiff,
uncomfortable garment. Blend color with GAC 900/Silk-Screen Fabric
Gel to reduce the stiffness of the acrylic paint. If painting
in a thick manner, short strokes of paint will hold better than
long lines. The longer the line, the greater the chance of cracking
when washed. A washing machine's agitator may stretch the garment
beyond its limit and thus cause cracking.
Test materials thoroughly before large production runs or when using
a unique fabric.
the weave of the fabric (cotton/poly blends), the better the penetration
and hold the paint will have on the material.
fabrics (sweatshirt-type weaves) should be slightly stretched with
a backer-board to allow for better penetration of the paint into
the adhesion onto any fabric a very light misting of water (e.g.-with
a plant-mister) will increase the penetration into the material.
Care should be taken with this technique, as over applying the water
could result in bleeding of the color.
Fabrics treated with GAC 900/Silk-Screen Fabric Gel-modified paints
must be heat set if maximum launderability is necessary. Products
conform to ASTM D4236. All GOLDEN products should be used in accordance
with safe handling practices. Read product labels prior to use.
The polymer must first air dry to the touch to form the initial
bond with the fabric, followed by one of the heat-set methods listed
Press according to press manufacturer's recommendations.
for 3-5 minutes with a medium-hot iron on the reverse side (side
opposite of the application). On delicate fabrics where lower
heat levels must be used, a longer ironing time will be necessary.
Oven Cure for 1-2 minutes at 300F; 4 minutes at 250F.
dryer: Commercial: medium-high temperature for 20-40 minutes.
Household: high temperature for 40-50 minutes.
paint dry thoroughly (at least 4 days) before washing.
will dramatically increase garment life.
turn garment inside-out for laundering.
hot water washing. This will tend to soften and loosen acrylic
paint from the garment.
water works best for automatic washing of the painted garment.
washer to gentle cycle.
instead of using the clothes dryer will increase the life of
GOLDEN Artist Colors Acrylics are professional artist paints.
properly prepared and cared for, GOLDEN Artist Colors Acrylics will
produce a fabric artwork with good durability. GOLDEN Artist Colors
Acrylics are produced with 100% Acrylic Polymer Emulsion. This produces
a film with excellent flexibility, and chemical, water, and ultraviolet
resistance. The milky emulsion dries transparent, allowing pigments
to show their full color. All pigments in GOLDEN Acrylics are chosen
for the greatest clarity and permanency within each chemical class.
GOLDEN Acrylics dry quickly and may be painted over immediately
yet complete drying/curing will take longer. Avoid freezing. Minimum
film formation temperature is 48oF/9oC.
To thin, use water or GOLDEN Mediums. For slower drying, use GOLDEN
Retarder. Do not mix with oils. Paint on any non-oily surface.
Non-absorbent surfaces should be abraded for increased adhesion.
Clean tools with soap and water. Keep tools wet during use.
Hand - decrease in the hardness of the paint when dry, leaving
a comfortable and breathable feel to the fabric.
2 Launderability - the ability for the fabric to be washed.
3Sets - after washing, it is the remaining color left
in the fabric.
4Bleed - a halo effect around the brushstroke.
for Choosing GOLDEN Acrylic Paints for Fabric Use.
to use for Fabric
Can be used for this technique
+ Best Recommendation for particular
Chart for Choosing Which GOLDEN Gel/Medium to
Blend with GOLDEN Acrylics for Fabric Use.
to use for Fabric
Can be used for this technique
+ Best Recommendation for particular
The above information is based on research and testing done by
Golden Artist Colors, Inc., and is provided as a basis for understanding
the potential uses of the products mentioned. Due to the numerous
variables in methods, materials and conditions of producing art,
Golden Artist Colors, Inc. cannot be sure the product will be
right for you. Therefore, we urge product users to test each application
to ensure all individual project requirements are met. While we
believe the above information is accurate, WE MAKE NO EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE, and we shall in no event be liable for any damages (indirect,
consequential, or otherwise) that may occur as a result of a product
Golden Artist Colors, Inc.